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Understanding your veins

What causes poor blood flow and what does good circulation look like?

Good blood flow

Good blood flow is important for keeping skin and tissues healthy. In a healthy leg tiny valves inside your veins open and close to ensure blood moves around the body in the right direction.


What does this look like?

Leg muscles contract

Movement causes muscles in the legs and feet to contract and relax.

Valves open

When the muscles contract valves inside the veins open causing blood to flow towards the heart.

Valves close

When the muscles relax the valves close preventing back flow of the blood.

Poor blood flow

If these valves become damaged, blood can flow backwards causing veins to stretch and swell. Poor blood flow can feel sore and can also stop any wounds on your legs healing as well as they should.


What does this look like?

Leg muscles contract

Movement causes muscles in the legs and feet to contract and relax.

Valves open

When the muscles contract valves inside the veins open causing blood to flow towards the heart.

Damaged valves unable to close

Damaged valves allow back flow of blood and cause swelling of the leg.

Compression therapy

Compression hosiery helps counteract this by applying a firm continuous graduated pressure to the muscles and veins in your legs. It exerts more pressure at the ankle to encourage blood to flow up the leg.


What does this look like?

Leg muscles contract

Compression hosiery helps to support the muscles during contraction and relaxation.
Find out more about compression hosiery

Valves open

Vein walls are pushed closer together allowing damaged valves to operate correctly.

Valves close

When the muscles relax the valves close fully preventing back flow of the blood.

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